The most common synonyms are:4-hydroxybutanoate, Caps, Date rape drug, Easy lay, Fantasy, G, Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, Georgia home boy, GH, Goop, Grievous bodily harm, Liquid ecstasy, Liquid X, Organic quaalude, Petit jus, Salty water, Scoop, Soap, Vita-G
Central nervous system depressant:Refers to a substance that slows mental functions by reducing the brain’s overall activity and alertness. Has a calming effect on the user.
Sold as a clear, odourless liquid or as a white powder, as is, or in capsules. A light soapy and salty taste is possible.
Mechanism of action
GHB is a weak GABA receptor agonist. It is also involved in the modulation of dopaminergic neurons and stimulates the release of growth hormone.
Routes of administration
Ingested (product is dissolved in alcohol).
Effects sought out by the user
Euphoria (heightened sense of well-being)Reduced inhibitionRelaxation
Common toxic effects
AmnesiaChanges in physical and mental functionsConfusionDecreased muscle strengthDiarrheaDizzinessHeadacheHeightened sensitivity to touchHypnotic stateHypothermia (lowered body temperature)Increased sex drive
Lack of coordinationMemory lossMuscular spasmsNauseaSleepinessSlurred speechTremorsUrinary incontinenceVertigoVomiting
No antidote available. Certain medications can, however, neutralize some of its effects.
Treatment is mainly symptomatic.
Other useful information
GHB is used as a party drug. However, it is also used to commit crimes, hence its nickname “date rape drug”. Its nickname is the result of its properties which include amnesia, state similar to drunkenness and very short duration of action. GHB does not have any aphrodisiac properties as such, but can cause a loss of sexual inhibition.Many different street drugs are sold under the same name. Furthermore, nothing guarantees the quantity, purity or even the content of a street drug in spite of the fact that it may, in some cases, look like medication.